Creation of the Universe: Big Bang

Quran on big bang

The creation of the universe is explained by astrophysicists as a widely accepted phenomenon, popularly known as ‘The Big Bang’.

It is difficult enough to imagine a time, roughly 13.7 billion years ago, when the entire universe existed as a singularity.

According to the big bang theory, one of the main contenders vying to explain how the universe came to be, all the matter in the cosmos — all of space itself — existed in a form smaller than a subatomic particle.

Then there was a ‘Big Bang’  which resulted in the formation of Galaxies. These then divided to form stars, planets, the sun, the moon, etc.

“kun fayakūn”

From subatomic particle to such vast universe can only be answered by

“kun fayakūn”

He it is who gives life and causes death; and when He decrees a matter, He but says to it, “Be,” and it is. (Holy Qur’an 40:28)

The origin of the universe was unique and the probability of it happening by ‘chance’ is nil. The Qur’an contains the following verse regarding the origin of the universe:

Have those who disbelieved not considered that the heavens and the earth were a joined entity (as one unit of Creation), and We separated them and made from water every living thing? Then will they not believe?
(Al-Qu’ran 21:30)

 We constructed the universe with might, and We are  expanding it.
(Holy Quran 51:47)

Indeed, Our word to a thing when We intend it is but that We say to it, “Be,” and it is. (Holy Qur’an 16:40)

His command is only when He intends a thing that He says to it, “Be,” and it is. (Holy Qur’an 36:82)

Originator of the heavens and the earth. When He decrees a matter, He only says to it, “Be,” and it is.  (Holy Qur’an 2:117)

The striking similarity between the Qur’anic verse and ‘The Big Bang’ is inescapable! How could a book, which first appeared in the deserts of Arabia 1400 years ago, contain this profound scientific truth?


Scientists agree that before the galaxies in the universe were formed, celestial matter was initially in the form of gaseous matter. In short, huge gaseous matter or clouds were present before the formation of the galaxies. To describe initial celestial matter, the word ‘smoke’ is more appropriate than gas. The following Qur’anic verse refers to this state of the universe by the word dukhaan which means smoke.

“Moreover, He Comprehended in His design the sky,
and it had been (as) smoke:
He said to it and to the earth:
‘Come ye together,
willingly or unwillingly.’
They said: ‘We do come (together),
in willing obedience.’”
(Al-Qur’an 41:11)

Again, this fact is a corollary to the ‘Big Bang’ and was not known to anyone before the Prophet hood of Mohammad (Sallallaho Alaihe Wa’salam). What then, could have been the source of this knowledge?

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