The attitude of Islam towards man was the cornerstone of this new edifice. In Islam every human being is considered as the vicegerent of God on this earth. God has granted to human beings a place superior to all other creatures and has honoured him in the best possible way.
This special honour has many dimensions: it is a divine protection for man in order to safeguard his freedom, his mind, and his willpower; it is also a guarantee for his right to enjoy personal security, i.e. security for his own person, his kith and kin, and his personal wealth.
In substance, this honour represents real freedom. It is a conscious, responsible freedom that comprehends the importance of the responsibility it is bearing. It is the freedom referred to in the Quranic verse:
“We did indeed offer the trust to the heavens and the earth and the mountains; but they refused to undertake it, being afraid thereof; but man undertook it”. (Sura 33, verse 72).
While God has assigned man alone a special task and responsibility, he has on the other hand created for man this universe with all it contains so that man can carry out his material and spiritual acitivities. The Holy Quran refers to it in many verses such as:
“And he has subjected to you, as from Him, all that is in the heavens and on earth; behold, in that are signs indeed for those who reflect”. (Sura 45, verse 13).
The word “reflect” mentioned in the above verse is a key word that should receive our full attention. It underlines the fact that although God has created this universe for man, man on his part should not adopt an attitude of indifference; on the contrary he has to take a positive attitude-an attitude of purpose and contemplation so that he may evolve ways by which he could make use of this universe for the benefit of all mankind. This can be possible only through knowledge, erudition, insight and experience. Such a process will lead him to material and spiritual progress. True insight will lead the believer to spiritual progress. In this connection the Holy Quran states:
“Soon will we show them Our Signs in the (furthest) regions (of the earth) and in their own souls, until it becomes manifest to them that this is the Truth”.
(Sura 41, verse 53).