(Sunan Abi Dawud, Book 8, Hadith 1526, Grade: Sahih).
Q. What is the ruling on giving the title Sayyiduna (master) to Prophet Mohammed ( blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and to the righteous close friends of Allah (awliya’)?
By Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz – Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia
Giving the title Sayyiduna to the Prophet (ﷺ-blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) is right and proper, because he is the master (sayyid) of the sons of Adam, and it is proven that he (ﷺ-blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “I am the master (sayyid) of the sons of Adam and no boast.” He is the master of mankind and the Messengers. So if a man says Sayyiduna Muhammad, and: Allahumma salli ‘ala Sayyiduna Muhammad (O Allah, send blessings upon our master Muhammad), there is nothing wrong with that. He is the master (Sayyid) of the sons of Adam and the master of mankind.
He only disliked that from people during his lifetime because he feared that they might exaggerate. So when they said, You are our master (sayyid), he said: “Al-Sayyid is Allah, may He be blessed and exalted,” so as to block the means (that might lead to exaggeration), as he was afraid that they might exaggerate about him (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). But after he left, and as he told us that he is the master (sayyid) of the sons of Adam, there is nothing wrong with saying Sayyiduna (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). So he is the best of us, and our master (sayyid), and our leader (imam), and he is a close friend of the Most Merciful (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him).
(1) Hazrat Royafai (radi Allahu anhu), a very close companion of the Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has revealed that once Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “There is a Durood which if anyone recites, then I shall definitely come to his help on the final Day of the Judgement”. That Durood is the following:
“Allahumma Salli Ala Muhammadiw Wa Anzilhul Maqadal Muqarraba Indaka Yawmal Qiyamah”
“O Allah! Shower Thy blessing on Muhammad and make him enter the highest place which is the greatest before You on the Day of Resurrection”.
(2) It is written in “Bukhari Shareef” that after hearing the prayer call, Azaan, if anyone recites the following Durood then he will certainly receive the Holy Prophet’s (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) mercy and assistance on the Day of Judgement.
In another narration, Hazrat Abu Darda (radi Allahu anhu) says that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) himself used to recite this Durood Shareef after hearing the Azaan. He says that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) used to read this in such an audible voice that those sitting besides him used to hear it. The Durood is the following:
“Allahuma Rabba Hazihid Da’watit Taaa Matti Was Salaatil Qaa’imati Aati Muhammadinil Wasilata Wal Fadeelata Wab’ashu Maqamam Mahmudanil Lazi Wa ‘Adta’u.”
O Allah! For the sake of this call of prayer and for the sake of this prayer, give Thy assistance to Muhammad, our master, and make him seated on the most exalted place which You had promised, i.e. the Maqaam-e-Mahmood”.
(3) Hazrat Abdullah ibn Abbas (radi Allahu anhu), a companion of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), says that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said that if a man recites the following Durood Shareef once, then for the coming 1,000 days the Angels of Allah Ta’ala will be busy in writing reward for the reciter of this Durood. This Durood Shareef is a very rewarding one. By reciting it only once, the Angels go on writing good deeds in the account sheet of the reciter for full 1 000 days. What a great reward and what a great return? The Durood is the following:
“Jazzallahu Anna Muhammadam Ma Huwa Ahlahu”
“O Allah! Give reward to our Prophet Mohammed the reward which is benefitting as he deserves”.
(4) Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) taught this Durood Shareef to Hazrat Qabisa bin Mukharib (radi Allahu anhu) on a particular occasion. If any Muslim man or woman recites this Durood Shareef once, then Allah Ta’ala opens all the four Doors of Heaven for him. The reciter is at a liberty to enter into Heaven from any door he chooses. Hazrat Qabisa (radi Allahu anhu) used to only recite this Durood. The Durood is the following:
“Allahumma Salli Ala Sayyidina Muhammadiw Wa Ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadiw Wah Dini Min Indika Wa Afyid Alayya Min Fadlika Wa Anshur Alayya Mir Rahmatika Wa Anzil Alayya Mim Barakaatika”
“O Allah! Shower your blessings on our Master Muhammad, and his Family, and give me exclusive guidance and shower grace and favours, and spread your kindness on Muhammad and favours on him.”
Narrated Abu Humaid As-Sa`idi (r.a):
The people asked, “O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)! How shall we (ask Allah to) send blessings on you?” Allah’s Apostle replied, “Say: O Allah! Send Your Mercy on Muhammad and on his wives and on his off spring, as You sent Your Mercy on Abraham’s family; and send Your Blessings on Muhammad and on his offspring, as You sent Your Blessings on Abraham’s family, for You are the Most Praiseworthy, the Most Glorious.”
(Sahih al-Bukhari, Book of Prophets, Book 60, Hadith 48)
The famous companion of the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), Hadrat Ka’ab bin Ujrah (radi Allahu anhu), narrates that once it was enquired from Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) as to how blessings should be sent to him. The Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) replied that the blessings be said in the manner (it has been mentioned) above, that is, Durood-e-Ibrahimi.
“Allahumma Salli Ala Muhammadiw Wa Ala Aali Muhammadin Kamaa Sallaita Ala Ibrahima Wa Ala Aali Ibrahima Innaka Hamidum Majid. Allahumma Baarik Ala Muhammadiw Wa Ala Aali Muhammadin Kamaa Baarakta Ala Ibrahima Wa Ala Aali Ibrahima Innaka Hamidum Majid”
“O Allah, let Your Blessings come upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as you have blessed Ibrahim and his family. Truly, You are Praiseworthy and Glorious. Allah, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as you have blessed Ibrahim and his family. Truly, You are Praiseworthy and Glorious”.
(Very Very Powerful Durood shareef indeed, keeps oneself safe from severe problem, calamities, evil things, Jinn possession and black magic)
“Allahumma Salli Ala Sayyidina Wa Maulana Muhammadiw Wa Ala Aali Sayyidina Wa Maulana Muhammadin Salaatan Tunajjina Biha Min Jami’il Ahwaali Wal’afaati Wa Taqdilana Biha Min Jami’il Haajaati Watu Tahiruna Biha Min Jami’is Sayyi Aati Watar Fa’una Bi Haa A’lad Darajaati Watu Bal Lighuna Biha Aqsal Ghaayaati Min Jami’il Khairaati Fil Hayaati Waba’dal Mamaati Innaka Ala Kulli Shay In Qadeer”
“O Allah! Shower blessings on Mohammed, our Master, and his Family such blessings by means of which Thou may relieve us of all anxieties and calamities. Thou may satisfy all our needs. Thou may clean us of all evils and thanks for which Thou may grant us high position and high rank and status in Thy presence, and Thou may lead us to the utmost limit of our aspirations and capacity in whatever is best in this world as well as in the world Hereafter, as Thou has the full Power over everything”.
This Durood Shareef is always a cure for all calamities in the world of worldly affairs. It was taught by Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) himself. To recite this Durood Shareef 70 times during days of calamity, turmoil and trouble, is a must. It works wonders.
The great Scholar, Saint, Jurist and author, Imam ibn-Faikihani (alaihir rahmah) says that there was once a pious man called Sheikh Moosa Zareer (alaihir rahmah). He embarked on a voyage by ship. Due to a heavy storm, the ship started sinking. All the passengers on board started crying and clamouring, but Sheikh Moosa Zareer (alaihir rahmah) went to sleep. He saw the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) in his dream and the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) directed him and the passengers to recite Durood-e-Tunajjina 1 000 times. Sheikh Moosa Zareer (alaihir rahmah) got up and started the recitation. As soon as he finished 300 Durood Shareefs, the storm subsided and the ship was saved. The other ship on the high seas sank, but this ship reached its destination safely and soundly. This miracle was a sufficient eye-opener for the members of the ship. It was by the Grace of Allah Ta’ala and Durood-e-Tunajjina that all were saved.
All the Saints have unanimously given verdict that Durood-e-Tunajjina is the best cure of all ills and all calamities of this world.