Mr Vukovic, 44, a waiter and driver before the war, repeatedly led gang rapes. Witness 48 (Muslim Woman) was told she would have her throat slashed if she resisted. Mr Vukovic “bit her nipples until they bled and pinched her breasts until she fainted from pain”.
Four of the 72 Bosnian women held in the Partizan sports hall were raped almost nightly for a month. Witness 186 was raped for six months.
Witness 50 (Bonian Muslim woman) was raped on the night of August 2, 1992 – the night the town’s mosque was destroyed – after being taken away by Mr Kunarac. She was raped by a Montenegrin soldier who threatened to cut off her arms and legs and take her to a church to baptise her.
Bosniak houses and apartments were looted or razed to the ground, the civilian population were rounded up, some were physically abused or murdered during the process. Men and women were separated and then held in concentration camps.
Estimates of the number of women and girls raped range from 12,000 to 50,000, the vast majority of whom were Bosniaks raped by Bosnian Serbs. The Serb forces set up “rape camps”, where women were subjected to being repeatedly raped, and only released when pregnant. Gang rape and public rapes in front of villagers and neighbors were not uncommon.
The largest number of reported victims have been Bosniaks, and the largest number of alleged perpetrators have been Bosnian Serbs.
The team of European Community investigators, including Simone Veil and Anne Warburton, similarly concluded in their 1993 report that rape carried out by the Bosnian Serb forces was not a secondary effect of the conflict but part of a systematic policy of ethnic cleansing and was “perpetrated with the conscious intention of demoralizing and terrorizing.
Testimony from a survivor of the Kalinovik camp, where roughly 100 women had been detained and subjected to MPR, the rapists continually told their victims, “You are going to have our children. You are going to have our little Chetniks”, and that the reason for their being raped was to “plant the seed of Serbs in Bosnia”. Women were forced to go full term with their pregnancies and give birth. Many of the reports of the abuses illustrated the ethnic dimension of the rapes.
Serb forces set up camps where rapes occurred, such as those at Keraterm, Vilina Vlas, Manjača, Omarska, Trnopolje, Uzamnica and Vojno. In May 1992, Serb villagers from Snagovo, Zvornik, surrounded and captured the village of Liplje and turned it into a concentration camp. Four-hundred people were imprisoned in a few houses and those held there were subject to rape, torture and murder.
At the concentration camp, rape, sexual assaults and torture of men and women were commonplace. A Central Intelligence Agency report leaked in 1995 stated that Serb forces were responsible for 90 percent of the atrocities committed during the conflict.
Serbs ‘enslaved Muslim women at rape camps’
A trial at the Hague and a new report show that women were abused as a method of war across Yugoslavia hears how soldiers brutalised girls as young as 6 during the Bosnian war.
The international war crimes tribunal at the Hague heard yesterday that “unimaginable horrors” including gang rape, torture and sexual enslavement were perpetrated against Muslim women and girls by Serb troops in the early days of the Bosnian conflict.
“This is a case about the women and girls – some as young as 12 or 15 years old – who endured unimaginable horrors as their worlds collapsed around them,” prosecutor Dirk Ryneveld said in his opening statement.
“Unlike the policymakers who dealt in theories and plans, these were the individuals who rounded up innocent women and girls, then raped them or sexually assaulted them, tortured them, enslaved them and then… exchanged, sold or transferred them to other soldiers.”
Videos showed Foca as it was before spring 1992, a sleepy town of red-roofed buildings including the Partizan sports Hall, the high school and the Hotel Zelengora – all later used for rapes.
Several women scheduled to appear as witnesses were warned that they and/or their children would be killed if they resisted sexual assault.
Mr Vukovic, 44, a waiter and driver before the war, repeatedly led gang rapes. Witness 48 was told she would have her throat slashed if she resisted. Mr Vukovic “bit her nipples until they bled and pinched her breasts until she fainted from pain”.
Four of the 72 women held in the Partizan sports hall were raped almost nightly for a month. Witness 186 was raped for six months.
Another victim, described as AB, was just 12 when she was sold by Mr Kovac, 38, to a soldier for 200 Deutschmarks (£66). She is still missing.
Witness 50 was raped on the night of August 2, 1992 – the night the town’s mosque was destroyed – after being taken away by Mr Kunarac. She was raped by a Montenegrin soldier who threatened to cut off her arms and legs and take her to a church to baptise her.
“Women and children, some as young as 12 years old, were detained and raped, vaginally, anally and orally; subjected to gang rapes, forced to dance nude with weapons pointed at them, and even enslaved,” the court heard.
“Unlike many domestic rapes, the offences in this case were often done in the full view of others or in a room were several women were being raped simultaneously,” the prosecutor said. “It will be difficult to fathom the depths of despair and the horror that these victims went through.”
Up to 10 rape victims are expected to testify at the trial from behind screens or with voice scrambled to protect their identities.
US & Europe stood quiet until Serbs had completely humiliated Bosnian Muslims, action was bit too late.