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Category Archives: Prophet Mohammed (S.A.W.W) & SunnahImage
This Sermon was delivered on the Ninth Day of Dhul Hijjah 10 A.H in the Uranah Valley of mount Arafat
O People, lend me an attentive ear, for I don’t know whether, after this year, I shall ever be amongst you again. Therefore listen to what I am saying to you carefully and take these words to those who could not be present here today.
O People, just as you regard this month, this day, and this city as Sacred, so regard the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust. Return Continue reading
Until the birth of Last Messenger of God and Seal of Prophets Holy Prophet Mohammed b. Abdullah Al-Mustafa (Sallallaho Alaihi Wa’sallam)(ﷺ) in the month of Rabi` ul Awwal in the Year of Elephant (Aam` ul-Feel)[corresponding to 570 C.E.] in the holy city of Makkah, people all over the world were in great poverty as to thought, opinions, individual and social attitudes; the world was troubled and submerged with polytheism and idolatry; the fire of corruption was flaming; superstitions and false views ruled the world in the name of religion; many worshipped non-Allah; Tribal fights and disputes were very common; the Arabian Peninsula was suffering from social, economic, political and other crisis, up to a point where Arabs were facing extinction because of their ignorance and the power of their oppressive neighbors.
The Creator of the Universe – Allah – describes them in the holy Quran as “…They had been in the abyss of ignorance and misguidance.” (62:2) Then the promised deliverer Mohammed (Sallallaho Alaihi Wa’sallam) (ﷺ) came into this world to guide ignorant mankind. He was born an orphan, his father having died a few months before his birth. Here are some narrations regarding the events that took place at the time of birth of the most dignified Messenger of Allah Muhammad Al-Mustafa (Sallallaho Alaihi Wa’sallam) (ﷺ) known as Sadiq (the Truthful) and Amin (the Trusted) and was sent as “The Mercy for this World and the Hereafter”:
Some Miraculous Events on the birth of Prophet Mohammed (Sallallaho alaihi wa’sallam) (ﷺ):
One of the distinctive features of Islam is its emphasis on knowledge. The Holy Qur’an and the Islamic Tradition (Sunnah) invite Muslims to seek and acquire knowledge and wisdom and to hold men of knowledge in high esteem.
The first few verses of Holy Qur’an that were revealed to our Holy Prophet Mohammed (Sallallaho Alaihi Wa’Sallam) mention the importance of reading, pen, and teaching for human beings.
“Read in the name of your Lord who created”
“Created man, out of a (mere) clot of congealed blood”
“Read, and your Lord is the most Generous”
“Who taught by the pen”
“Taught man that which he knew not.”
(Holy Qur’an 96:1-5)
Hence, it is a beautiful prayer for every Muslim to ask always:
“O my Lord! Increase me in knowledge.” (Quran 20:114)
The only limit set to the acquisition of knowledge in Islam is that Muslims should seek useful knowledge. Our great Prophet (S.A.W.W) is reported as having said: “My Lord, save me from the useless knowledge.”
Useless here means that is not helpful towards anything or is simply wasted.
Example of useless knowledge: Abul Hikam (Father of Wisdom) was the title of Amr Ibn Hesam, one of the bitterest enemies of the Holy Prophet (pbuh). Holy Prophet Mohammed (S.A.W.W) nicknamed him Abu Jahl (Father of Ignorance) because of his rigid attitude towards understanding the teachings, meaning of life and Islam.
From the above example we can see, how much our Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) disliked ignorant and at the same time we can learn from the following example, how much our Holy Prophet (pbuh) liked to learn.
The mosque of Medina was not only a place of worship. The believers assembled here to learn.
When the Holy Prophet Mohammed (S.A.W) was present they heard his words of wisdom, his elucidation on the verses of the Holy Qur’an and benefited from his counsel. And when he was not present, other faithful companions taught what they had heard from the Prophet of Almighty God.
Once our Holy Prophet (S.A.W) entered the Mosque before the prayer time. He found two groups in the Mosque. One group was busy with its own act of worship; some were reading the Holy Qur’an while the others were supplicating. The other group was in a corner busy learning. They learnt how to read and write and discussed the teachings of Islam and their application to their daily lives.
Looking at both, the Holy Prophet (S.A.W) said: “They are both engaged in useful pursuits. But I am a teacher. I shall join the group assembled to learn.” So he (S.A.W) sat with the group of students.
Also the prisoners used to achieve freedom in those times by teaching 10 Muslim children to Read & Write.
But one should also be aware of the point that nation of Noah/Nuh (alaihi as-salām – عليه السلام) also went astray with their knowledge. Knowledge without religious guidance is recipe for disaster. Without proper “Navigation system”, it is not possible to reach desired destination.
::SOME OF HIS WISE SAYINGS ON THE IMPORTANCE OF “KNOWLEDGE”::
- It is an obligation for every Muslim to seek knowledge.
- To acquire knowledge is binding upon all Muslims, whether male or female.
- Seek knowledge from cradle to grave.
- Anyone who pursues a course in search of knowledge, God will ease his way to paradise.
- Acquire knowledge, it enables its possessor to distinguish right from wrong; it lights the way to heaven.
- The most learned of men is the one who gathers knowledge from others on his own; the most worthy of men is the most knowing and the meanest is the most ignorant.
- The loss of running after an affair without learning about it is more than its benefit.
- The Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.W) said: “The seeking of knowledge is obligatory for every Muslim.” – (Tirmidhi, Hadith 74).
- The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: “One who treads a path in search of knowledge has his path to Paradise made easy by God…” – (Riyadh us-Saleheen, 245)
- The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: “A servant of God will remain standing on the Day of Judgment until he is questioned about his (time on earth) and how he used it; about his knowledge and how he utilized it; about his wealth and from where he acquired it and in what (activities) he spent it; and about his body and how he used it.” – (Tirmidhi, Hadith 148)
- The Prophet also said: “Knowledge from which no benefit is derived is like a treasure out of which nothing is spent in the cause of God.” – (Tirmidhi, Hadith 108)
- The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: “God, His angels and all those in Heavens and on Earth, even ants in their hills and fish in the water, call down blessings on those who instruct others in beneficial knowledge.” – (Tirmidhi, Hadith 422)
- The Prophet also said: “Acquire knowledge and impart it to the people.” – (Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith 107)
- (Sunan Abu Dawood, Book 019, Hadith Number 3634).
Chapter : Exhortation to the pursuit of knowledge.
Narated By Abu al-Darda’ : Kathir ibn Qays said: I was sitting with Abu al-Darda’ in the mosque of Damascus.A man came to him and said: AbudDarda, I have come to you from the town of the Apostle of Allah (Sallallaho Alaihi Wa’Sallam) for a tradition that I have heard you relate from the Apostle of Allah (Sallallaho Alaihi Wa’Sallam). I have come for no other purpose.He said: I heard the Apostle of Allah (Sallallaho Alaihi Wa’Sallam) say: If anyone travels on a road in search of knowledge, Allah will cause him to travel on one of the roads of Paradise. The angels will lower their wings in their great pleasure with one who seeks knowledge, the inhabitants of the heavens and the Earth and the fish in the deep waters will ask forgiveness for the learned man. The superiority of the learned man over the devout is like that of the moon, on the night when it is full, over the rest of thestars. The learned are the heirs of the Prophets, and the Prophets leave neither dinar nor dirham, leaving only knowledge, and he who takes an abundant portion.
- (Sunan Ibn e Majah, Book of Sunnah, Hadith no.241)
‘Abdulldh bin Abi Qatâdah narrated that his father said: “The Messenger of Allah said: ‘the best things that a man can leave behind are three: A righteous son who will pray for him, ongoing charity whose reward will reach him, and knowledge which is acted upon after his death.’”
- (Sahih Bukhari Volume 01, Book 03, Hadith Number 080).
Narated By Anas : Allah’s Apostle said, “From among the
portents of the Hour are (the following):
1. Religious knowledge will be taken away (by the death of
Religious learned men).
2. (Religious) ignorance will prevail.
3. Drinking of Alcoholic drinks (will be very common).
4. There will be prevalence of open illegal sexual intercourse.
- (Sahih Bukhari Volume 01, Book 03, Hadith Number 085).
Narated By Abu Huraira : The Prophet said, “(Religious) knowledge will be taken away (by the death of religious
scholars) ignorance (in religion) and afflictions will
appear; and Harj will increase.” It was asked, “What is
Harj, O Allah’s Apostle?” He replied by beckoning with his
hand indicating “killing.”
- (Sahih Bukhari Volume 002, Book 017, Hadith Number 146).
Narated By Abu Huraira : The Prophet said, “The Hour (Last
Day) will not be established until (religious) knowledge
will be taken away (by the death of religious learned men),
earthquakes will be very frequent, time will pass quickly,
afflictions will appear, murders will increase and money
will overflow amongst you.” (See Hadith No. 85 Vol 1).
- (Sunan Abu Dawood, Book 019, Hadith Number 3652).
Chapter : Excellence of spreading knowledge.
Narated By Zayd ibn Thabit : I heard the Apostle of Allah (Sallallaho Alaihi Wa’Sallam) say: May Allah brighten a man who hears a tradition from us, gets it by heart and passes it on to others. Many a bearer of knowledge conveys it to one who
is more versed than he is; and many a bearer of knowledge is not versed in it.
- (Sahih Bukhari Volume 02, Book 24, Hadith Number 490).
Narated By Ibn Masud : I heard the Prophet saying, “There
is no envy except in two: a person whom Allah has given
wealth and he spends it in the right way, and a person whom
Allah has given wisdom (i.e. religious knowledge) and he
gives his decisions accordingly and teaches it to the others.”
- (Sunan Abu Dawood, Book 019, Hadith Number 3636).
Chapter : Exhortation to the pursuit of knowledge.
Narated By Abu Hurairah : The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: If anyone pursues a path in knowledge, Allah will thereby make easy for him a path to the Paradise; and he who is made slow by his actions will not be speeded by his genealogy.
- (Sahih Bukhari Volume 05, Book 57, Hadith Number 030).
Narated By Hamza’s father : Allah’s Apostle said, “While I
was sleeping, I saw myself drinking (i.e. milk), and I was
so contented that I saw the milk flowing through my nails.
Then I gave (the milk) to ‘Umar.” They (i.e. the companions
of the Prophet) asked, “What do you interpret it?” He said,
- (Sahih Bukhari Volume 01, Book 03, Hadith Number 079).
Narated By Abu Musa : The Prophet said, “The example of
guidance and knowledge with which Allah has sent me is like
abundant rain falling on the earth, some of which was
fertile soil that absorbed rain water and brought forth
vegetation and grass in abundance. (And) another portion of
it was hard and held the rain water and Allah benefited the
people with it and they utilized it for drinking, making
their animals drink from it and for irrigation of the land
for cultivation. (And) a portion of it was barren which
could neither hold the water nor bring forth vegetation
(then that land gave no benefits). The first is the example
of the person who comprehends Allah’s religion and gets
benefit (from the knowledge) which Allah has revealed
through me (the Prophets and learns and then teaches
others. The last example is that of a person who does not
care for it and does not take Allah’s guidance revealed
through me (He is like that barren land.)”
- (Sahih Bukhari Volume 01, Book 03, Hadith Number 098).
Narated By Abu Huraira : I said: “O Allah’s Apostle! Who
will be the luckiest person, who will gain your intercession on the Day of Resurrection?” Allah’s Apostle said: O Abu Huraira! “I have thought that none will ask me about it before you as I know your longing for the (learning of) Hadiths. The luckiest person who will have my intercession on the Day of Resurrection will be the one who said sincerely from the bottom of his heart “None has the right to be worshipped but Allah.”
And ‘Umar bin ‘Abdul ‘Aziz wrote to Abu Bakr bin Hazm,
“Look for the knowledge of Hadith and get it written, as I
am afraid that religious knowledge will vanish and the
religious learned men will pass away (die). Do not accept
anything save the Hadiths of the Prophet. Circulate
knowledge and teach the ignorant, for knowledge does not
vanish except when it is kept secretly (to oneself).”
- (Sahih Bukhari Volume 06, Book 61, Hadith Number 543).
Narated By ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar : Allah’s Apostle said, “Not
to wish to be the like except of two men. A man whom Allah
has given the knowledge of the Book and he recites it
during the hours of the night, and a man whom Allah has
given wealth, and he spends it in charity during the night
and the hours of the day.”
- (Sahih Bukhari Volume 09, Book 92, Hadith Number 419).
Narated By ‘Abdullah : Allah’s Apostle said, “Do not wish
to be like anybody except in two cases: The case of a man
whom Allah has given wealth and he spends it in the right
way, and that of a man whom Allah has given religious
wisdom (i.e., Qur’an and Sunna) and he gives his verdicts
according to it and teaches it.” (to others i.e., religious
knowledge of Qur’an and Sunna (Prophet’s Traditions).”
- (Sahih Bukhari Volume 08, Book 73, Hadith Number 037).
Narated By Abu Sulaiman and Malik bin Huwairith : We came
to the Prophet and we were (a few) young men of
approximately equal age and stayed with him for twenty
nights. Then he thought that we were anxious for our
families, and he asked us whom we had left behind to look
after our families, and we told him. He was kind-hearted
and merciful, so he said, “Return to your families and
teach them (religious knowledge) and order them (to do good
deeds) and offer your prayers in the way you saw me
offering my prayers, and when the stated time for the
prayer becomes due, then one of you should pronounce its
call (i.e. the Adhan), and the eldest of you should lead
you in prayer.
- (Sahih Bukhari Volume 07, Book 62, Hadith Number 158).
Narated By Anas : I will narrate to you a Habith I heard
from Allah’s Apostle and none other than I will tell you of
it. I heard Allah’s Apostle saying, “From among the
portents of the Hour are the following: Religious knowledge
will be taken away; General ignorance (in religious matters) will increase; illegal Sexual intercourse will prevail: Drinking of alcoholic drinks will prevail. Men will decrease in number, and women will increase in number, so much so that fifty women will be looked after by one man.”
- (Sahih Bukhari Volume 04, Book 55, Hadith Number 572).
Narated By Abu Huraira : The people said, “O Allah’s
Apostle! Who is the most honourable amongst the people (in
Allah’s Sight)?” He said, “The most righteous amongst
them.” They said, “We do not ask you, about this. ” He
said, “Then Joseph, Allah’s Prophet, the son of Allah’s
Prophet, The son of Allah’s Prophet the son of Allah’s
Khalil (i.e. Abraham).” They said, “We do not want to ask
about this,” He said’ “Then you want to ask about the
descent of the Arabs. Those who were the best in the
Pre-Islamic period of ignorance will be the best in Islam
provided they comprehend the religious knowledge.”
- (Sahih Bukhari Volume 09, Book 092, Hadith Number 461).
Narated By Ubaidullah : Ibn ‘Abbas said, “Why do you ask
the people of the scripture about anything while your Book
(Qur’an) which has been revealed to Allah’s Apostle is
newer and the latest? You read it pure, undistorted and
unchanged, and Allah has told you that the people of the
scripture (Jews and Christians) changed their scripture and
distorted it, and wrote the scripture with their own hands
and said, ‘It is from Allah,’ to sell it for a little gain.
Does not the knowledge which has come to you prevent you
from asking them about anything? No, by Allah, we have
never seen any man from them asking you regarding what has
been revealed to you!”
- (Sahih Muslim Book 04, Hadith Number 1725).
Chapter : Concerning dozing off in prayer, or faltering of
one’s tongue in the recitation of the Qur’an, or in
mentioning of Allah, one should sleep, or stop it till one
‘Abdullah is reported to have said: Keep refreshing your
knowledge of the sacred books (or always renew your
knowledge of these sacred books) and sometimes he would
mention the Qur’an for it is more apt to escape from men’s
minds than animals which are hobbled, and the Messenger of
Allah (may peace be upon him) said: None of you should say:
I forgot such and such a verse, but he has been made to
- (Sahih Muslim Book 34, Hadith Number 6451).
Chapter : Knowledge would be taken away and ignorance would prevail upon people and the turmoil at the end of the
world.Anas b. Malik reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: It is from the conditions of the Last Hour
that knowledge would be taken away and ignorance would
prevail (upon the world), the liquor would be drunk, and
adultery would become rampant.
- (Sahih Muslim Book 34, Hadith Number 6458).
Chapter : Knowledge would be taken away and ignorance would prevail upon people and the turmoil at the end of the
world.Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: (When) the time would draw close to the
Last Hour, knowledge would be snatched away, turmoil would
be rampant, miserliness would be put (in the hearts of the
people) and there would be much bloodshed. They said: What
is al-harj? Thereupon he said: It is bloodshed.
- (Sahih Muslim Book 34, Hadith Number 6442).
Chapter : Prohibition of making a hot pursuit of the
allegories contained in the Qur’an and avoiding those who
do it, and of disputation in the Qur’an.
‘Aisha reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon
him) recited (these verses of the Qur’an): “He it is Who
revealed to thee (Muhammad) the Book (the Qur’an) wherein
there are clear revelations-these are the substance of the
Book and others are allegorical (verses). And as for those
who have a yearning for error they go after the allegorical
verses seeking (to cause) dissension, by seeking to explain
them. And none knows their implications but Allah, and
those who are sound in knowledge say: We affirm our faith
in everything which is from our Lord. It is only the
persons of understanding who really heed” (iii. 6). ‘Aisha
(further) reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be
upon him) said (in connection with these verses): When you
see such verses, avoid them, for it is they whom Allah has
pointed out (in the mentioned verses).
- (Sahih Muslim Book 30, Hadith Number 5668).
Chapter : Pertaining to the similitude with which Allah’s
Apostle (may peace be upon him) has been sent with guidance
Abu Musa reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him)
as saying: The similitude of that guidance and knowledge
with which Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, has sent me is
that of rain falling upon the earth. There is a good piece
of land which receives the rainfall (eagerly) and as a
result of it there is grown in it herbage and grass
abundantly. Then there is a land hard and barren which
retains water and the people derive benefit from it and
they drink it and make the animals drink. Then there is
another land which is barren. Neither water is retained in
it, nor is the grass grown in it. And that is the similitude of the first one who develops the understanding of the religion of Allah and it becomes a source of benefit to him with which Allah sent me. (The second one is that) who acquires the knowledge of religion and imparts it to others. (Then the other type is) one who does not pay attention to (the revealed knowledge) and thus does not accept guidance of Allah with which I have been sent.
- (Sunan Abu Dawood, Book 019, Hadith Number 3643).
Chapter : Gravity in lying about the Apostle of Allah(Sallallaho Alaihi Wa’Sallam) .
Narated By ‘Abd Allah b. al-Zubair on the authority of his father : I asked al-Zubair: What prevents you from narrating from the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) as his Companions narrate from him? He replied: I swear by Allah, I had a regard and a reverence for him. But I heard him say: He who lies about me delibrately will certainly come to his abode in Hell.
- (Sunan Abu Dawood, Book 019, Hadith Number 3656).
Chapter : Seeking knowledge not for the pleasure of Allah.
Narated By Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihi Wa’ Sallam) said: If anyone acquires knowledge of things by which Allah’s good pleasure is sought, but acquires it only to get some worldly advantage, he will not experience the arf, i.e. the odour, of Paradise.
- (Sahih Bukhari Volumn 01, Book 02, Hadith Number 047)
Narated By Abu Huraira : One day while the Prophet was sitting in the company of some people, (The angel) Gabriel came and asked, “What is faith?” Allah’s Apostle replied, ‘Faith is to believe in Allah, His angels, (the) meeting with Him, His Apostles, and to believe in Resurrection.” Then he further asked, “What is Islam?” Allah’s Apostle replied, “To worship Allah Alone and none else, to offer prayers perfectly to pay the compulsory charity (Zakat) and to observe fasts during the month of Ramadan.” Then he further asked, “What is Ihsan (perfection)?” Allah’s Apostle replied, “To worship Allah as if you see Him, and if you cannot achieve this state of devotion then you must consider that He is looking at you.” Then he further asked, “When will the Hour be established?” Allah’s Apostle replied, “The answerer has no better knowledge than the questioner. But I will inform you about its portents.1. When a slave (lady) gives birth to her master.
2. When the shepherds of black camels start boasting and competing with others in the construction of higher buildings. And the Hour is one of five things which nobody knows except Allah.The Prophet then recited: “Verily, with Allah (Alone) is the knowledge of the Hour…” (31. 34) Then that man (Gabriel) left and the Prophet asked his companions to call him back, but they could not see him. Then the Prophet said, “That was Gabriel who came to teach the people their religion.” Abu ‘Abdullah said: He (the Prophet) considered all that as a part of faith.
- (Sahih Bukhari Volumn 01, Book 02, Hadith Number 049).
Narated By An-Nu’man bin Bashir : I heard Allah’s Apostle saying, ‘Both legal and illegal things are evident but in between them there are doubtful (suspicious) things and most of the people have no knowledge about them. So whoever saves himself from these suspicious things saves his religion and his honor. And whoever indulges in these suspicious things is like a shepherd who grazes (his animals) near the Hima (private pasture) of someone else and at any moment he is liable to get in it. (O people!) Beware! Every king has a Hima and the Hima of Allah on the earth is His illegal (forbidden) things. Beware! There is a piece of flesh in the body if it becomes good (reformed) the whole body becomes good but if it gets spoilt the whole body gets spoilt and that is the heart.
- (Sunan Ibn e Majah, Book of Sunnah, Hadith number 231)
Muhammad bin Jubair bin Mut’im narrated that his father said: “The Messenger of Allah stood up at Khaif in Mina and said: ‘May Allah cause his face to shine, the man who hears what I say and conveys it (to others).
- (Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 88, Hadith number 188)
Narrated Az-Zubair bin ‘Adi (RadiAllahu anhu): We went to Anas bin Malik and complained about the wrong we were suffering at the hand of Al-Hajjaj. Anas bin Malik said, “Be patient till you meet your Lord, for no time will come upon you but the time following it will be worse than it. I heard that from the Prophet.”
- (Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 88, Hadith Number 191)
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (RadiAllahu anhu):
Allah’s Apostle (Sallallaho Alaihi Wa’Sallam) said, “Whoever takes up arms against us, is not from us.”
- (Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 88, Hadith Number 198)
Narrated Ibn ‘Umar (RadiAllahu anhu):
I heard the Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihi Wa’Sallam) saying, “Do not revert to disbelief after me by striking (cutting) the necks of one another.”
- Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 88, HadithNumber 237)
Narrated Abu Huraira (RadiAllahu anhu):
Allah’s Apostle (Sallallaho Alaihi Wa’Sallam) said, “The Hour will not be established
(1) till two big groups fight each other whereupon there will be a great number of casualties on both sides and they will be following one and the same religious doctrine,
(2) till about thirty Dajjals (liars) appear, and each one of them will
claim that he is Allah’s Apostle,
(3) till the religious knowledge is taken away (by the death of Religious scholars)
(4) earthquakes will increase in number
(5) time will pass quickly,
(6) afflictions will appear,
(7) Al-Harj, (i.e., killing) will increase,
(8) till wealth will be in abundance —- so abundant
that a wealthy person will worry lest nobody should accept his Zakat, and whenever he will present it to someone, that person (to whom it will be offered) will say, ‘I am not in need of it,
(9) till the people compete with one another in constructing high buildings,
(10) till a man when passing by a grave of someone will say, ‘Would that I were in his place
(11) and till the sun rises from the West. So when the sun will rise and the people will see it (rising from the West) they will all believe (embrace Islam) but that will be the time when: (As Allah said,) ‘No good will it do to a soul to believe
then, if it believed not before, nor earned good (by deeds of righteousness) through its Faith.’ (Qur’an 6.158)
And the Hour will be established while two men spreading a garment in front of them but they will not be able to sell it, nor fold it up; and the Hour will be established when a man has milked his shecamel and has taken away the milk but he will not be able to drink it; and the Hour will be established
before a man repairing a tank (for his livestock) is able to water (his animals) in it; and the Hour will be established when a person has raised a morsel (of food) to his mouth but will not be able to eat it.”
- (Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 88, Hadith Number 238)
Narrated Al-Mughira bin Shu’ba (RadiAllahu anhu):
Nobody asked the Prophet as many questions as I asked regarding Ad-Dajjal/Anti-christ.
The Prophet Mohammed (Sallallaho Alaihi Wa’Sallam) said to me, “What worries you about him?” I said, “Because the people say that he will have a mountain of bread and a river of water with him (i.e. he will have abundance of food and water)” The Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihi Wa’Sallam) said, “Nay, he is too mean to be allowed such a thing by Allah”‘ (but it is only to test mankind whether they believe in Allah or in Ad-Dajjal/Anti-christ.)
- (Jami` at-Tirmidhi, Hadith Number 2649)
Narrated Abu Hurairah ( رضي الله عنه):
that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “Whoever is asked about some knowledge that he knows, then he conceals it, he will be bridled with bridle of fire.”
- (Sunan an-Nasa’i, Hadith number 5442)
(English translation version: Vol. 6, Book 50, Hadith 5444)
It was narrated from ‘Abdullah bin Amr (رضي الله عنه) that:
The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وصحبه وسلم) used to seek refuge (with Allah) from four things: From knowledge that is of no benefit, from a heart that does not feel humble, from a supplication that is not heard, and a soul that is never satisfied.
- (Sahih Muslim, Book 6, Hadith Number 270)
‘Abdullah (رضي الله عنه) is reported to have said:
Keep refreshing your knowledge of the sacred books (or always renew your knowledge of these sacred books) and sometimes he would mention the Qur’an for it is more apt to escape from men’s minds than animals which are hobbled, and the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: None of you should say: I forgot such and such a verse, but he has been made to forget.
- (Sunan Ibn Majah, Hadith 3843)
(English translation : Vol. 5, Book 34, Hadith 3843)
It was narrated from Jabir (RadiAllahu anhu- رضي الله عنه) that :
the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وصحبه وسلم) said: “Ask Allah for beneficial knowledge and seek refuge with Allah from knowledge that is of no benefit.”
- (Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 88, Hadith Number 241)
Narrated Abdullah bin Umar (RadiAllahu anhu – رضي الله عنه):
Allah’s Apostle (صلى الله عليه وآله وصحبه وسلم) stood up amongst the people and then praised and glorified Allah Subhana Wa Ta’aala as He deserved and then he mentioned Ad-Dajjal/Anti-Christ, saying, “I warn you of him, and there was no prophet but warned his followers of him; but I will tell you something about him which no prophet has told his followers:
Ad-Dajjal/Anti-Christ is one-eyed whereas Allah is not.”
Read in the name of your Lord Who created. He created man from a clot. Read and your Lord is Most Honorable, Who taught (to write) with the pen. Taught man what he knew not.
(Surah Al Alaq 96:1-5)
Allah will raise in rank those of you who believe and those who have been given knowledge,” (58:11) and “Say: ‘Lord, increase me in knowledge.'” (20:114)
رَبِّ زِدْنِي عِلْمًا (Also a dua)
O my Lord! Increase me in knowledge
(Surah Taha 20:114)
..::Take care of yourself and have a nice day::..
Once a man came to the Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and said, “Oh prophet of Almighty God, I have many bad habits. Which one of them should I give up first?” The Holy Prophet Mohammed (S.A.W.W) said, “Give up telling lies first and always speak the truth.” The man promised to do so and went home.
At night the man was about to go out to steal. Before setting out, he thought for a moment about the promise he made with the prophet. “If tomorrow the prophet asks me where have I been, what shall I say? Shall I say that I went out stealing? No, I cannot say that. But nor can I lie. If I tell the truth, everyone will start hating me and call me a thief. I would be punished for stealing.”
So the man decided not to steal that night, and gave up this bad habit. Next day, he felt like drinking wine, when he was about to do so, he said to himself, “What shall I say to the prophet if he asks me what did I do during the day? I cannot tell a lie, and if I speak the truth people will hate me, because a Muslim is not allowed to drink wine.” And so he gave up the idea of drinking wine.
In this way, whenever the man thought of doing something bad, he remembered his promise to tell the truth at all times. One by one, he gave up all his bad habits and became a good Muslim and a very good person.
Holy Prophet Mohammed (S.A.W.W) said: “No Man can attain a firm faith, unless he develops strength of character and that can not be achieved unless one acquires the habit of speaking truth.”
Contemplation and Wisdom
The Holy Prophet of Islam took lessons from watching the sky, the moon, the sun, and every other thing in nature, and these phenomena attracted him to their Creator more than to themselves. Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) always used to contemplate the Greatness and Majesty of Almighty God, the Glorious and the welfare of the human race. He closely followed the affairs of his people and the spreading of the light of Islam. He talked only when necessary and when he did; his speech was devoid of any rhetoric and unnecessary words. It was precise, to the point and full of great meanings.
He (PBUH) was punctual, active and energetic, and led an orderly life in the strict sense of the word. He was so devout and pious that not even for a single moment was he enchanted by any luxury or pleasure of this mortal world. In short, the Holy Prophet of Islam was a perfect model of all excellent virtues and sublime human qualities. His day was divided into four periods:
- A time for worship.
- A time for his household (Ahlul-Bait) and wives, during which he behaved like any ordinary family man giving the finest example of social behavior.
- A time for rest and contemplation.
- A time for public affairs such as receiving Muslims, looking into their needs and requirements, answering their questions, teaching them the tenets of Islam and expounding to them the glorious verses of the Holy Qur’an.
Some of his sayings on “Time”:
- Blessed be my people for their early rising up.
- Too much sleep does away with both religion and the world.
- O People, you have certain (special) characteristics, so get to (emphasize) them and you have an end, so get to (be prepared for) it…, a servant of Almighty Allah should take (make provisions) for himself from his self: from his world (life) for his hereafter, during his youth before his old age, and in life before death. By the One in whose hand is Mohammed’s soul after death there will be no blaming, and after this world there is nothing except Paradise or Hell.
All praise belongs to Almighty Allah, and may salutations and benedictions be upon the Messenger of Almighty.
.:: THE PROPHET’’S VISIT TO TAIF::.
Abu Talib and Khadija (R.A) were the main supporters of the Holy Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). It was so destined that they passed away within a few days of each other, leaving the Holy Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) to lament the bereavement. He had lost a caring uncle and a loving wife.
The enemies were now relieved, because Abu Talib was no more to protect. A few days after Abu Talib’s death, when the Prophet was once passing through a lane, a woman emptied her garbage from a window upon his head. He returned home with his head soiled. His young daughter Fatima (pbuh) sat beside him, consoling and washing off the dirt.
As things became intolerable in Makkah, the Holy Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) decided to move to Taif where he thought he would convey the message of Almighty God to the tribe of Thaqeef. Taif was known for its pleasant climate and beautiful scenery.
The Holy Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) knew very well that people at Taif were no different from Makkans. They also worshipped idols and were in constant contact with the people in Makkah. But he (pbuh) did not despair, who dedicated his life for Islam by putting himself in danger like no other. As he entered Taif, and proclaimed his prophet hood, people jeered at him. One said: “God did not find anyone else for His message except you?” Another said: “I must be naive or a thief if I believed you to be a prophet.” And so it went on.
Then in order to prevent him from preaching Islam, people of Taif set a group of children and vagabonds behind him. They pestered him and threw stones at him. Tired, forsaken and wounded, he sought refuge in a nearby garden. It belonged to Atabah and Shaibah, two wealthy chiefs of Quraish. They were both there when the Holy Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) entered and sat under a distant tree.
He was alone. Then he raised his face towards heaven and prayed:
“O Almighty! I raise unto you my complaint for my weakness, my helplessness, and for the ridicule to which I have been subjected. O Merciful of all the Mercifuls! You are the Master of all oppressed people, You are my God! So to whom would You consign me? To the strangers who would ill-treat me, or to the enemies who have an upper hand over me? If whatever has befallen me is not because of Your wrath, then I fear not. No doubt, the field of Your security and care is wide enough for me. I seek refuge in Your light which illuminates darkness and straightens the affairs of this world and hereafter, that Your displeasure and wrath may not descend upon me. For the sake of Your pleasure, I remain pleased and resigned to my fate. No change in this world occurs without Your Will.”
Adaas was a Christian. He brought the grapes to the Holy Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) and bid him eat. As the Prophet (pbuh) picked a bunch he said: “Bismillahir Rahmaanir Rahim” (In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful, the Most Compassionate). Adaas had never heard this before. He was impressed by it, because the man was invoking mercy and compassion of Almighty in spite of his desolate state.
“Who are you?” Adaas asked. “I am the Prophet of God. Where do you come from?” The servant said: “I am Adaas, a Christian. I come from Nainava.”
“Nainava? You come from a place where my brother Yunus bin Mati (Jonah son of Mati) lived,” the Holy Prophet (pbuh) said. Adaas was surprised to hear the name.
“What do you know of Yunus/Jonah? Here no one seems to know him. Even in Nainava there were hardly ten people who knew his father’s name.” The Holy Prophet (pbuh) said: “Yes, I know him because just like me, he was a Prophet of Almighty God.”
Adaas fell on his knees before the Holy Prophet (Sallallaho Alayhe Wa’salam), kissed his hand and embraced Islam.
Note: Even if all the creatures in universe knew what Evangelicals and zionists write about Prophet Mohammed (S.A.W.W) they too would have felt ashamed of these hateful people.
We hope there would be alot of sane christians and others who would try to change this hateful tide from Evangelicals and zionists who abuse Prophet Mohammed (S.A.W.W) and Islam.
More than 1400 years ago in Arabia the people were living very much in fear. They feared their neighbors. They feared other tribes. They even feared their idols. For this was the time before Islam. The Arabs were worshipping idols. In their ignorance they would burry their newly born daughters alive. As Islam began to spread among Arabs such cruel practices stopped. Islam taught love and peace. It taught kindness and respect.
Holy Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) himself was a very kind and loving person. He treated every one, young and old, with kindness and respect. Continue reading
Whenever they reaped their first harvest, they brought early, fresh fruits to the Holy Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). Then he would distribute them among those who sat around him. This morning, a poor man brought one fruit from his small farm and gave it to the Holy Prophet (pbuh).
He (pbuh) accepted the gift, tasted it and then went on eating it alone while the companions watched. One of those present meekly said: O Prophet of Almighty God, you have over looked the right of those who watch while you eat? The Holy Prophet (pbuh) smiled and waited till the man who had brought the fruit had gone. Then he (pbuh) said: I tasted the fruit and it was not yet ripe. Had I allowed you to have some of it, someone would have definitely shown his distaste, thus disappointing the poor man who had brought the gift. Rather than make him feel disappointing, my palate accepted the bitterness.
This is how Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) taught us best of morals and excellent manners. By living a simple and ordinary life and treating everybody alike with courtesy and respect, he was able to spread the light of Islam. His immaculate personality and lofty character, coupled with his honesty and wis- dom, attracted multitudes of people towards truth and justice. Holy Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) pays great importance to the behavior of human beings amongst each other in a society. Hence, always seems advising the following:
1. Deal gently with people, and be not harsh; cheer them and condemn not.
2. The best of friends is he who is best in behavior and character.
3. One who does not practice modesty and does not refrain from shameless deeds is not a Muslim.
4. Much silence and a good disposition; there are no two works better than these.
A companion of his, who spent full ten (10) years with him, has said:
“Throughout my stay with him I never heard an indecent word from his lips and never found him rude to anyone. He (pbuh) spoke very politely. He (pbuh) was kind to everyone.”
Holy Prophet Mohammed (Sallallaho Alaihe Wa’alay Wa’salam) used to give lot of importance to moral behavior by saying:
“The best of you are those who have the best morals.” And “I have been sent to complete the best morals.”
Historian, John William Draper in his well known work, “A History of the Intellectual Development of Europe”, observes:
“Four years after the death of Justinian, 569 A.D., was born at Makkah, in Arabia, the man who, of all men, has exercised the greatest influence upon the human race.”
The well known British historian, Sir William Muir, in his “Life of Mohammed” adds:
“Our authorities, all agree in ascribing to the youth of Mohammad a modesty of deportment and purity of manners rare among the people of Makkah. The fair character and honorable bearing of the unobtrusive youth won the approbation of his fellow-citizens; and he received the title, by common consent, of Al-Ameen, the Trustworthy.”
James Michener in his well known work, “Islam, The Misunderstood Religion” writes:
“Orphaned at birth, he was always particularly solicitous of the poor and the needy, the widow and the orphan, the slave and the downtrodden. At twenty he was already a successful business man, and soon became director of camel caravans for a wealthy widow. When he reached twenty-five his employer,
recognizing his merit, proposed marriage. Even though she was fifteen years older, he married her, and as long as she lived remained a devoted husband.”
The celebrated British writer, Thomas Carlyle, in his book “On Heroes, Hero-Worship and the Heroic in History”, observes:
“Ah on: this deep-hearted son of the wilderness with his beaming black eyes and open social deep soul, had other thoughts than ambition. A silent great man; he was one of those who cannot but be in earnest; whom Nature herself has appointed to be sincere. While others walk in formulas and hearsays, contented enough to dwell there, this man could not screen himself in formulas; he was alone with his own soul and the reality of things. The great mystery of Existence, as I said, glared in upon him, with its terrors, with its splendors; no hearsays could hide that unspeakable fact. ‘Here am I’; such Sincerity as we name it, has in very truth something of divine. The work of such a man is a voice direct from Nature’s own Heart. Men do and must listen to that as to nothing else; all else is wind in comparison.”
Dr. Marcus Dods, in his work, “Mohammad, Buddah and Christ” writes:
“Certainly he had two of the most important characteristics of the prophetic order. He saw truth about God which his fellowmen did not see, and he had an irresistible inward impulse to publicize this truth.”
John Davenport in his well known work, “An Apology for Mohammad and the Koran”, admits the honesty and sincerity behind Mohammad’s (ﷺ) claim of being an apostle of God, when he says:
“It is strongly corroborative of Mohammad’s sincerity that the earliest converts of Islam were his bosom friends and the people of his household, who all intimately acquainted with his private life, could not fail to have detected those discrepancies which more or less invariably exist between the pretensions of the hypocritical deceiver and his actions at home.”
Again John Davenport, in states:
“With all that simplicity which is so natural to a great mind, he performed the humblest offices whose homeliness it would be idle to conceal with pompous diction; even while Lord of Arabia, he mended his own shoes and coarse woolen garments, milked the ewes, swept the hearth, and kindled the fire. Dates and water were his usual fare and milk and honey his luxuries. When he traveled he divided his morsel with the servant. The sincerity of his exhortations to benevolence was justified at his death by the exhausted state of his coffers.”
W. Montgomery Watt writes in his “Mohammad at Makkah”:
“His readiness to undergo persecution for his beliefs, the high moral character of the men who believed in him and looked up to him as leader, and the greatness of his ultimate achievement – all argue his fundamental integrity. To suppose Mohammed as imposter raises more problems than it solves. Moreover, none of the great figures of history is so poorly appreciated in the West as Muhammad. Thus, not merely must we credit Muhammad with essential honesty and integrity of purpose, if we are to understand him at all: if we are to correct the errors we have inherited from the past.”
A well known writer, Bosworth Smith, in his well known book “Mohammad and Mohammadanism”, adds:
“Head of the State as well as of the Church, he was Caesar and Pope in one; but he was Pope without Pope’s pretensions, Caesar without the legion of Caesar. Without a standing army, without a bodyguard, without a palace, without a fixed revenue, if ever any man had the right to say that he ruled by the right divine, it was Mohammad, for he had all the power without its instructions and without its supports.”
James A. Michener, in his invaluable work, “Islam: The Misunderstood Religion”, observes:
“…Forced now to fight in defense of the freedom of conscience which he preached, he became an accomplished military leader, Although he repeatedly went into battle outnumbered and out speared as much as five to one, he won some spectacular victories.”
Stanley Lane-Poole, in his work, “The Speeches and Table Talk of the Prophet Mohammad” adds:
“The day of Mohammad’s greatest triumph over his enemies was also the day of his grandest victory over himself. He freely forgave the Koraysh all the years of sorrow and cruel scorn in which they had afflicted him and gave an amnesty to the whole population of Makkah. Four criminals whom justice condemned made up Mohammad’s proscription list, when he entered as a conqueror to the city of his bitterest enemies. The army followed his example, and entered quietly and peacefully; no house was robbed, no women insulted. One thing alone suffered destruction. Going to the Kaaba, Mohammad stood before each of the three hundred and sixty idols, and pointed to it with his staff, saying, ‘Truth has come and falsehood has fled away!’ and at these words his attendants hewed them down, and all the idols and household gods of Makkah and round about were destroyed. It was thus Mohammad entered again his native city, through all the annals of conquest there is no triumphant entry comparable to this one.”
Alphonse of Lamartine, in his well known work, “Histoire de la Turquie”, observes:
“If greatness of purpose, smallness of means, and astounding results are the three criteria of human genius, who could dare to compare any great man in modern history with Mohammed? The most famous men created arms, laws and empires only. They founded, if anything at all, no more than material powers which often crumbled away before their eyes. This man moved not only armies, legislations, empires, peoples and dynasties, but millions of men in one-third of the then inhabited world; and more than that, he moved the altars, the gods, the religions, the ideas, the beliefs and the souls. On the basis of a Book, every letter of which has become law, he created a spiritual nationality which blended together peoples of every tongue and of every race. Philosopher, orator, apostle, legislator, warrior, conqueror of ideas, restorer of rational beliefs, a founder of twenty terrestrial empires and one spiritual empire. Of all standards by which human greatness can be measured, we may well ask … is there any man greater than Mohammed?”
George Bernard Shaw said about him:
“I have always held the religion of Mohammed in high estimation because of its wonderful vitality. It is the only religion, which appears to me to possess that assimilating capacity to the changing phase of existence, which can make itself appeal to every age. I have studied him – the wonderful man and in my opinion far from being an anti-Christ, he must be called the Savior of Humanity.”
“I believe that if a man like him were to assume the dictatorship of the modern world he would succeed in solving its problems in a way that would bring it the much needed peace and happiness: I have prophesied about the faith of Mohammed that it would be acceptable to the Europe of tomorrow as it is beginning to be acceptable to the Europe of today.”
(Sir George Bernard Shaw in ‘The Genuine Islam,’ Singapore, Vol. 1, No. 8, 1936.)
Michael H. Hart, a Christian American, astronomer, mathematician, lawyer, chess master and scientist, after extensive research, published an incisive biography of the 100 most influential persons in history. The biographical rankings with explanations describe the careers of religious and political leaders, inventors, writers, philosophers, scientist and artists.
From this research, which included illustrious personalities such as Jesus Christ, Moses, Caesar, etc.
Michael H. Hart rated Prophet Mohammed (pbuh)(ﷺ) as number one. He concluded the biography with the word:
“My choice of Mohammed to lead the list of the world’s most influential persons may surprise some readers and may be questioned by others, but he was the only man in history who was supremely successful on both the religious and secular levels.”
(“The 100: A ranking of the most influential persons in history” New York, 1978, p. 33)
Dr. Annie Besant in her book “The Life and Teachings of Muhammad” Madras, 1932, p. 4. says:
“It is impossible for anyone who studies the life and character of the great Prophet of Arabia, who knows how he taught and how he lived, to feel anything but reverence for that mighty Prophet, one of the great messengers of the Supreme. And although in what I put to you I shall say many things which may be familiar to many, yet I myself feel whenever I re-read them, a new way of admiration, a new sense of reverence for that mighty Arabian teacher.”
Mahatma Gandhi, speaking on the character of Mohammed (ﷺ) said:
“I wanted to know the best of one who holds today’s undisputed sway over the hearts of millions of mankind. I became more than convinced that it was not the sword that won a place for Islam in those days in the scheme of life. It was the rigid simplicity, the utter self-effacement of the Prophet, the scrupulous regard for his pledges, his intense devotion to his friends and followers, his intrepidity, his fearlessness, his absolute trust in God and in his own mission. These and not the sword carried everything before them and surmounted every obstacle. When I closed the 2nd volume (of the Prophet’s biography), I was sorry there was not more for me to read of the great life.” [Young India, 1924]
The famous poetess of India, Sarojini Naidu says:
“It was the first religion that preached and practiced democracy; for, in the mosque, when the call for prayer is sounded and worshippers are gathered together, the democracy of Islam is embodied five times a day when the peasant and king kneel side by side and proclaim: ‘God Alone is Great’. I have been struck over and over again by this indivisible unity of Islam that makes man instinctively a brother.”
(S. Naidu, Ideals of Islam, vide Speeches & Writings, Madras, 1918, p. 169)
K. S. Ramakrishna Rao in his book ‘Mohammed: The Prophet of Islam’ writes:
“The personality of Mohammed is most difficult to get the whole truth of it. Only a glimpse of him I can catch. What dramatic succession of picturesque scenes? There is Mohammed the Prophet; there is Muhammad the General; Mohammed the King; Mohammed the Warrior; Mohammed the
Businessman; Mohammed the Preacher; Mohammed the Philosopher; Mohammed the Statesman; Mohammed the Orator; Mohammed the Reformer; Mohammed the Refuge of Orphans; Mohammed the Protector of Slaves; Mohammed the Emancipator of Women; Muhammad the Judge; Mohammed the Saint… In all these magnificent roles and in all these departments of human activities he is equally a hero.”
It is unfortunate that the West instead of sincerely trying to understand the phenomenal success of Islam has considered it a rival religion. During the centuries of the crusades, all sorts of slanders were invented against Islam, this trend gained much force and impetus and a huge amount of literature was produced to tarnish the image of Islam and its preacher Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ).
Truth needs no advocates to plead on its behalf. But the prolonged malicious propaganda against Islam has created great confusion even in the minds of some free and objective thinkers.
What we have witnessed early in 2006, starting with the offensive Cartoons published in several European newspapers in the name of freedom and th violent reaction by some Muslims across the world makes it a duty on every Muslim to help introduce the true picture of the beloved Prophet Mohammed (ﷺ)(peace be upon him) to the world around us, introduce it the way Islam and the Prophet Mohammed (ﷺ)(Sallallaho Alaihe Wa’alay Wa’salam ) taught us to. In the Holy Qur’an, Almighty God states:
“Invite (all) to the way of thy Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching, and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious: for thy Lord knows best who have strayed from His Path and who receive guidance.”
(Holy Quran 16:125)
We end it by saying an Urdu language couplet:
Batlado Gustakh-e-Nabi Ku Ghairat-e-Muslim Zinda Hai
Unper Mar Mitne Ka Jazba Kal Bhi Tha Aur Aaj Bhi Hai
Q 21: Was Qur’an written by Mohammed (S.A.W.W)?
All praise be to Allah the Almighty, and peace be upon the Prophet Mohammed.
Let’s suppose – for the purpose of argument only- that the enemies of Prophet Mohammed (Peace be upon him) were right in their allegations that the Holy Quran was written by him. In such case, the disbelievers will surely respond to our argument.
Now, ask them: Do you doubt that Muhammad (Peace be upon him) was an Arabic man?
Irrespective of their reply; yes or no, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) – under such argument – has informed them, in very sublime manner & words, that: Maryam – Mary – the mother of Jesus (Peace be upon them both), who belongs to Children of Israel, is chosen above the women of the world.
Why didn’t he choose his mother (i.e. the mother of the Prophet Mohammed – Peace be upon him), his wife, his daughter, or any other Arabic woman? Continue reading
By Professor David Benjamin Keldani (Abdul-Ahad Dawud)
“And when Jesus, the son of Mary said:
“Children of Israel, I am sent to you by Allah to confirm the Torah that is before me, and to give news of a Messenger who will come after me whose name shall be Ahmad.” Yet when he came to them with clear proofs, they said: “This is clear sorcery” (Qur’an 61.6 ).
And I will ask the Father, and he shall give you another Periqlytos, that he may stay with you for ever (John xiv. 16, etc.).
There is some incoherency in the words ascribed to Jesus by the Fourth Gospel. It reads as if several Periqlytes had already come and gone, and that “another Periqlytos” would be given only at the request of Jesus. These words also leave behind the impression that the Apostles were already made familiar with this name which the Greek text renders Periqlytos. The adjective “another” preceding a foreign noun for the first time announced seems very strange and totally superfluous. There is no doubt that the text has been tampered with and distorted. It pretends that the Father will send the Periqlyte at the request of Jesus, otherwise the Periqlyte would never have come! The word “ask,” too, seems superficial, and unjustly displays a touch of arrogance on the part of the Prophet of Nazareth. If we want to find out the real sense in these words we must correct the text and supply the stolen or corrupted words, thus:
I shall go to the Father, and he shall send you another messenger whose name shall be Periqlytos, that he may remain with you for ever.
Now with the additional italicized words, both the robbed modesty of Jesus is restored and the nature of the Periqlyte identified.
We have already seen that the Periqlyte is not the Holy Spirit, that is to say, a divine person, Gabriel, or any other angel. It now remains to prove that the Periqlyte could not be a consoler nor an advocate between God and men.
1. The Periqlyte is not the “Consoler” nor the “Intercessor.” We have fully shown the material impossibility of discovering the least signification of “consolation” or of “intercession”. Christ does not use Paraqalon. Besides, even from a religious and moral point of view the idea of consolation and intercession is inadmissible.
- The belief that the death of Jesus upon the Cross redeemed the believers from the curse of original sin, and that his spirit, grace, and presence in the Eucharist would be for ever with them, left them in need of no consolation nor of the coming of a consoler at all. On the other hand, if they needed such a comforter, then all the Christian presumptions and pretensions concerning the sacrifice of Calvary fall to the ground. In fact, the language of the Gospels and that of the Epistles explicitly indicates that the second coming Jesus upon the clouds was imminent (Matt. xvi. 28; Mark ix. 1; Luke ix. 27; 1 John ii. 18; 2 Tim. ii. 1; 2 Thess. ii. 3, etc.).
(b) Consolation can never make restitution of the loss. To console a man who has lost his sight, wealth, son, or situation, cannot restore any of those losses. The promise that a consoler would be sent by God after Jesus had gone would indicate the total collapse of all hope in the triumph of the Kingdom of God. The promise of a consoler indicates mourning and lamentation and would naturally drive the Apostles into disappointment if not into despair. They needed, not a consoler in their distress and afflictions, but a victorious warrior to crush the devil and his power, one who would put an end to their troubles and persecutions.
(c) The idea of an “intercessor” between God and man is even more untenable than that of the “consoler.” There is no absolute mediator between the Creator and the creature. The Oneness of Allah alone is our absolute intercessor. The Christ who advised his audience to pray to God in secret, to enter the closet and shut the door and then to pray – for only under such a condition their heavenly “Father” would hear their prayer and grant them His grace and succor – could not promise them an intercessor. How to reconcile this contradiction!
(d) All believers, in their prayers, intercede for each other, the prophets and angels do the same. It is our duty to invoke the Mercy of Allah, pardon, and help for ourselves as well as for others. But Allah is not bound or obliged to accept the intercession of anyone unless He pleases.
I would be duly grateful to the person through whose intercession I obtained pardon, and relief. But I shall always dread the judge or the despot who was delivering me into the hands of an executioner. How learned these Christians are, when they believe that Jesus at the right hand of his Father intercedes for them, and at the same time believe in another intercessor – inferior to himself – who sits on the throne of the Almighty! Of course, we do not know for certain but it is quite conceivable that certain angels, the spirits of the prophets and those of the saints, are permitted by God to render help and guidance to those who are placed under their patronage. The idea of an advocate before the tribunal of God, pleading the cause of his clients, may be very admirable, but it is erroneous, because God is not a human judge subject to passion, ignorance, partiality, and all the rest of it. The Muslims, the believers, need only education and religious training; God knows the actions and the hearts of men infinitely better than the angels and prophets.
It is worth noting that the intercession of any good person for others is limited to those who followed his prophet and those who accepted the succeeding prophet, but not for those who followed his prophet then rejected the suceeding prophet.
(e)The belief in intercessors emanates from the belief in sacrifices, burnt offerings, priesthood, and a massive edifice of superstition. This belief leads men into the worship of sepulchers and images of saints and martyrs; it helps to increase the influence and domination of the priest and monk; it keeps the people ignorant in the things divine; a dense cloud of the intermediary dead cover the spiritual atmosphere between God and the spirit of man. Then this belief prompts men who, for the pretended glory of God and the conversion of the people belonging to a different religion than theirs, raise immense sums of money, establish powerful and rich missions, and lordly mansions; but at heart those missionaries are political agents of their respective Governments. The real cause of the calamities which have befallen the Armenians, the Greeks, and the Chaldeo-Assyrians in Turkey and Persia ought to be sought in the treacherous and revolutionary instruction given by all the foreign missions in the East. Indeed, the belief in the intercessors has always been a source of abuse, fanaticism, persecution, ignorance, and of many other evils.
Having proved that the “Paraclete” of St. John’s Gospel does not and cannot mean either “consoler” or “advocate,” nor any other thing at all, and that it is a corrupted form of Periqlytos, we shall now proceed to discuss the real signification of it.
2. Periqlytos etymologically and literally means “the most illustrious, renowned, and praiseworthy.” I take for my authority Alexandre’s Dictionnaire Grec-Francais=Periqlytos, “Qu’on peut entendre de tous les cotes; qu’il est facile a entendre. Tres celebre,” etc. “= Periqleitos, tres celebre, illustre, glorieux; = Periqleys, tres celebre, illustre, glorieux,” from = Kleos, glorire, renommee, celebrite.” This compound noun is composed of the prefix “peri,” and “kleotis,” the latter derived from “to glorify, praise.” The noun, which I write in English characters Periqleitos or Periqlytos, means precisely what AHMAD means in Arabic, namely the most illustrious, glorious, and renowned. The only difficulty to be solved and overcome is to discover the original Semitic name used by Jesus Christ either in Hebrew or Aramaic.
- The Syriac Pshittha, while writing “Paraqleita,” does not even in a glossary give its meaning. But the Vulgate translates it into “consolator” or “consoler.” If I am not mistaken the Aramaic form must have been “Mhamda” or “Hamida”‘ to correspond with the Arabic “Muhammad” or “Ahmad” and the Greek ‘Periqlyte.”
The interpretation of the Greek word in the sense of consolation does not imply that the name Periqlyte itself is the consoler, but the belief and the hope in the promise that he will come “to console the early Christians. The expectation that Jesus would come down again in glory before many of his auditors had “tasted the death” had disappointed them, and concentrated all their hopes in the coming of the Periqlyte.
(b) The Qur’anic revelation that Jesus, the son of Mary, declared unto the people of Israel that he was “bringing glad tidings of a messenger, who shall come after me and whose name shall be Ahmad,” is one of the strongest proofs that Prophet Muhammad was truly a Prophet and that the Qur’an is really a Divine Revelation. He could never have known that the Periqlyte meant Ahmad, unless through inspiration and Divine Revelation. The authority of the Qur’an is decisive and final; for the literal signification of the Greek name exactly and indisputably corresponds with Ahmad and Muhammad.
Indeed, the Angel Gabriel, or the Holy Spirit, seems even to have distinguished the positive from the superlative form the former signifying precisely Muhammad and the latter Ahmad.
It is marvellous that this unique name, never before given to any other person, was miraculously preserved for the most Illustrious and Praiseworthy Prophet of Allah! We never come across any Greek bearing the name Periqleitos (or Periqlytos), nor any Arab bearing the name of Ahmad. True, there was a famous Athenian called Periqleys which means “illustrious,” etc., but not in the superlative degree.
(c) It is quite clear from the description of the Fourth Gospel that Periqlyte is a definite person, a created holy spirit, who would come and dwell in a human body to perform and accomplish the prodigious work assigned to him by God, which no other man, including Moses, Jesus, and any other prophet, had ever accomplished.
We, of course, do not deny that the disciples of Prophet Jesus did receive the Spirit of God, that the true converts to the faith of Jesus were hallowed with the Holy Spirit, and that there were numerous Unitarian Christians who led a saintly and righteous life. On the day of the Pentecost – that is, ten days after the Ascension of Jesus Christ – the Spirit of God descended upon the disciples and other believers numbering one hundred and twenty persons, in the form of tongues of fire (Acts ii.); and this number, which had received the Holy Spirit in the form of one hundred and twenty tongues of fire, was increased unto three thousand souls who were baptized, but were not visited by the flame of the Spirit. Surely one definite Spirit cannot be divided into six-score of individuals. By the Holy Spirit, unless definitely described as a personality, we may understand it to be God’s power, grace, gift, action, and inspiration. Jesus had promised this heavenly gift and power to sanctify, enlighten, strengthen, and teach his flock; but this Spirit was quite different from the Periqlyte who alone accomplished the great work which Jesus and after him the Apostles were not authorized and empowered to accomplish, as we shall see later.
(d)The early Christians of the first and second centuries relied more upon tradition than upon writings concerning the new religion. Papias and others belong to this category. Even in the lifetime of the Apostles several sects, pseudochrists, Antichrists, and false teachers, tore asunder the Church (I John ii. 18-26; 2 Thess. ii. 1-12; 2 Peter ii. iii. 1; John 7-13; 1 Tim. iv. 1-3; 2 Tim. iii. 1-13; etc.). The “believers” are advised and exhorted to stick to and abide by the Tradition, namely, the oral teaching of the Apostles. These so-called “heretical” sects, such as the Gnostics, Apollinarians, Docetae, and others, appear to have no faith in the fables, legends, and extravagant views about the sacrifice and the redemption of Jesus Christ as contained in many fabulous writings spoken of by Luke (i. 1-4). One of the heresiarchs of a certain sect – whose name has escaped my memory – actually assumed “Periqleitos” as his name, pretending to be “the most praiseworthy” Prophet foretold by Jesus, and had many followers. If there were an authentic Gospel authorized by Jesus Christ or by all the Apostles, there could be no such numerous sects, all opposed to the contents of the books contained in or outside the existing New Testament. We can safely infer from the action of the pseudo-Periqlyte that the early Christians considered the promised “Spirit of Truth” to be a person and the final Prophet of God.
3. There is not the slightest doubt that by “Periqlyte,” Prophet Muhammad, i.e. Ahmad, is intended. The two names, one in Greek and the other in Arabic, have precisely the same signification, and both mean the “most Illustrious and Praised,” just as “Pneuma” and “Ruh.” mean nothing more or less than “Spirit” in both languages. We have seen that the translation of the word into “consoler” or “advocate” is absolutely untenable and wrong. The compound form of Paraqalon is derived from the verb composed of the prefix-Para-qalo, but the Periqlyte is derived from the Peri-qluo. The difference is as clear as anything could be. Let us examine, then, the marks of the Periqlyte which can only be found in Ahmad – Prophet Muhammad.
Prophet Muhammad alone revealed the whole truth about God, His Oneness, religion, and corrected the impious libels and calumnies written and believed against Himself and many of His holy worshipers.
Jesus is reported to have said about Periqlyte that he is “the Spirit of Truth,” that he “will give witness” concerning the true nature of Jesus and of his mission (John xiv. 17; xv. 26).
In his discourses and orations Jesus speaks of the pre-existence of his own spirit (John viii. 58 xvii. 5, etc.). In the Gospel of Barnabas, Jesus is reported to have often spoken of the glory and the splendor of Prophet Muhammad’s spirit whom he had seen. There is no doubt that the Spirit of the Last Prophet was created long before Adam. Therefore Jesus, in speaking about him, naturally would declare and describe him as “the Spirit of Truth.” It was this Spirit of Truth that reprimanded the Christians for dividing the Oneness of God into a trinity of persons; for their having raised Jesus to the dignity of God and son of God, and for their having invented all sorts of superstitions and innovations.
It was this Spirit of Truth that exposed the frauds of both the Jews and Christians for having corrupted their Scriptures; that condemned the former for their libels against the chastity of the Blessed Virgin and against the birth of her son Jesus.
It was this Spirit of Truth that demonstrated the birthright of Ishmael, the innocence of Lot, Solomon, and many other prophets of old and cleared their name of the slur and infamy cast upon them by the Jewish forgers.
It was this Spirit of Truth, too, that gave witness about the true Jesus, man, prophet, and worshiper of God; and has made it absolutely impossible for Muslims to become idolaters, magicians, and believers in more than the One and only Allah.
(b) Among the principal marks of Periqlyte, “the Spirit of Truth,” when he comes in the person of the “Son of Man” – Ahmad – is “he will chastise the world for sin” (John xvi. 8, 9). No other worshiper of Allah, whether a king like David and Solomon or a prophet like Abraham and Moses, did carry on this chastisement for sin to the extreme end, with resolution, fervor, and courage as Prophet Muhammad did. Every breach of the law is a sin, but idolatry is its mother and source. We sin against God when we love an object more than Him, but the worship of any other object or being besides God is idolatry, the evil and the total negligence of the Good – in short, sin in general. All the men of God chastised their neighbors and people for sin, but not “the world,” as Prophet Muhammad did. He not only rooted out idolatry in the peninsula of Arabia in his lifetime, but also he sent envoys to the Chosroes Parviz and to Heraclius, the sovereigns of the two greatest empires, Persia and Rome, and to the King of Ethiopia, the Governor of Egypt, and several other Kings and amirs, inviting them all to embrace the religion of Islam and to abandon idolatry and false faiths. The chastisement by Prophet Muhammad began with the delivery of the Word of God as he received it, namely, the recital of the verses of the Qur’an; then with preaching, teaching, and practicing the true religion; but when the Power of Darkness, idolatry, opposed him with arms he drew the sword and punished the unbelieving enemy. This was in fulfillment of the decree of God (Dan. vii.). Prophet Muhammad was endowed by God with power and dominion to establish the Kingdom of God, and to become the first Prince and Commander-in-Chief under the “King of Kings and the Lord of Lords.”
(c) The other characteristic feature of the exploits of Periqlyte – Ahmad – is that he will reprove the world of righteousness and justice (loc. cit.). The interpretation “of righteousness, because I am going to my Father” (John xvi. 10) put into the mouth of Jesus is obscure and ambiguous. The return of Jesus unto his God is given as one of the reasons for the chastisement of the world by the coming Periqlyte. Why so? And who did chastise the world on that account?
The Jews believed that they crucified and killed Jesus, and did not believe that he was raised and taken up into heaven. It was Prophet Muhammad who chastised and punished them severely for their infidelity.
“Rather, Allah raised him (Jesus) up to Him…” (Qur’an Ch.4 v158).
The same chastisement was inflicted upon the Christians who believed and still believe that he was really crucified and killed upon the Cross, and imagine him to be God or the son of God.
To these the Qur’an replied:
“…They did not kill him, nor did they crucify him, but to them (the one crucified) was given the look (of Jesus). Those who differ concerning him (Jesus) surely are in doubt regarding him, they have no knowledge of him, except the following of supposition and they did not kill him – a certainty” (Ch.4 v157).
Several believers in Jesus in the very beginning of Christianity denied that Christ himself suffered upon the Cross, but maintained that another among his followers, Judas Iscariot or another very like him, was seized and crucified in his stead.The Corinthians, the Basilidians, the Corpocratians and many other sectaries held the same view.
I have fully discussed this question of the Crucifixion in my work entitled Injil wa Salib (“The Gospel and the Cross”) of which only one volume was published in Turkish just before the Great War. I shall devote an article to this subject. So the justice done to Jesus by Ahmad was to authoritatively declare that he was “Ruhu ‘l-Lah,” the Spirit of God that he was not himself crucified and killed, and that he was a human being but a beloved and Holy Messenger of God. This was what Jesus meant by justice concerning his person, mission, and transportation into heaven, and this was actually accomplished by the Prophet and Messenger of Allah, Muhammad.
(d) The most important mark of Periqlyte is that he would chastise the world on account of Judgment “because the prince of this world is to be judged” (John xvi. 11). The King or Prince of this world was Satan (John xii. 31, xiv. 30), because the world was subject to him. I must draw the kind attention of my readers to the seventh chapter of the Book of Daniel written in Aramaic or Babylonian dialect. There it illustrates how the “thrones” (“Kursawan”) and the “Judgment” (“dina”) were set up, and the “books” (“siphrin”) were opened. In Arabic, too, the word “dinu”, like the Aramaic “dina,” means judgment, but it is generally used to signify religion. That the Qur’an should make use of the “Dina” of Daniel as an expression of judgment and religion is more than significant. In my humble opinion this is a direct sign and evidence of the truth revealed by the same Holy Spirit or Gabriel to Prophets Daniel, Jesus, and Muhammad. Prophet Muhammad could not forge or fabricate this even if he were as learned a philosopher as Aristotle. The judgment described with all its majesty and glory was set up to judge the satan in the form of the fearful fourth Beast by the Supreme Judge, the Eternal. It was then that someone appeared “like a son of man” (“kbar inish”) or “barnasha,” who was presented to the Almighty, invested with power, honor, and kingdom for ever, and appointed to kill the Beast and to establish the Kingdom of the People of the Saints of the Most High.
Jesus Christ was not appointed to destroy the Beast; he abstained from political affairs, paid tribute to Caesar, and fled away when they wanted to crown him King. He clearly declares that the Chief of this world is coming; for the Periqlyte will root out the abominable cult of idolatry. All this was accomplished by Prophet Muhammad in a few years. Islam is Kingdom and Judgment, or religion; it has the Book of Law, the Holy Al-Qur’an; it has Allah as its Supreme Judge and King, and Prophet Muhammad as its victorious hero of everlasting bliss and glory!
(e) “The last but not the least mark of the Periqlyte is that he will not speak anything of himself, but whatsoever he hears that will he speak, and he will show you the future things” (John xv. 13).
There is not one iota, not a single word or comment of Prophet Muhammad or of his devoted and holy companions in the text of the glorious Qur’an. All its contents are the revealed Word of Allah. Prophet Muhammad recited, pronounced the Word of God as he heard it read to him by the Angel Gabriel, and then it was memorized and written by the faithful scribes. The words, sayings, and teachings of the Prophet, though sacred and edifying, are not the Word of God,. and they are called Hadith or Traditions.
Is he not, then, even in this description, the true Periqlyte? Can you show us another person, besides Ahmad, to possess in himself all these material, moral, and practical qualities, marks, and distinctions of Periqlyte? You cannot.
I think I have said enough on the Periqlyte and shall conclude with a sacred verse from the Qur’an:
“ I follow only what is revealed to me, I am only a clear warner” Ch.46:9.